"Indeed, most scandals and misbehavior that have seemed endemic to modern life involve shortcuts."
As a society we are a quick fix and get 'er done fast group. I believe that there are many things in life that are tough, challenging and simply put require a lot of work. I equate this to the instruction of writing. Students and some teachers look for a quick way to get students to write the answer. There is nothing quick about writing, even for the best writers. Writing requires thinking and getting those ideas out; it requires looking at what you have written and seeing whether or not it will communicate to your audience effectively. I think with school and education we try to make things easier (mostly because we care about kids) and sometimes (or more often in life) things are not easy.
"Rewards, by their very nature, narrow our focus. That's helpful when there's a clear path to a solution. They help us stare ahead and race faster."
I included this section from page 42 simply because it makes me think about what it does to creativity. There was a great deal in this section that spoke to creativity and how it can be halted with extrinsic rewards.
"Instead, give people meaningful information about their work. The more feedback focuses on specifics (great use of color) -- and the more the praise is about effort and strategy rather than about achieving a particular outcome-- the more effective it can be."
I read Carol Dweck and GROWTH MINDSET all over this one.......................